Did you know that out of 2500 species of snakes only 500 species are venomous. Some of them are very deadliest, a small portion of their poison is enough to kill a animal as big as elephant.
1. Black Mamba Snake
Black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is the fastest snake which can speed up to 20 km/hr. This snake is infamous as the most venomous snake of the world because a large number of peoples of South Africa become the victims of black mamba’s deadliest poison.
It is capable of striking at considerable range and may occasionally deliver a series of 10-12 bites rapidly. The toxins released by black mamba are neurotoxins and cardiotoxins which are able to kill a mouse in less than 4.5 minutes. This venom is extremely toxic. A bite from a black mamba can deliver about 100–120 mg of venom on average and the maximum dose recorded is 400 mg.
2. Tiger Snake
Tiger snakes are venomous snake found in the southern regions of Australia, and it’s other coastal regions. This snakes are often found in coastal environments, wetlands, and creeks where there is abundance of prey for them.
As per record most of snakebite deaths caused in Australia is because of this Tiger Snakes. Tiger snake venoms possess potent neurotoxins, coagulants, haemolysins, and myotoxins. Symptoms of a bite include localized pain in the foot and neck region, tingling, numbness, and sweating, followed by a fairly rapid onset of breathing difficulties and paralysis. So chances of survival is very low when a Tiger Snake bites you.
3. Rattle Snakes
Known for the vibrating rattles at the end of their tails, Rattle Snake is found mainly in the desert region of North America. There are 36 species of Rattle Snakes all over the world. They feed themselves on the small creatures like rodents and birds.
In North America most of the snake bites injury is credited to this Rattle Snakes. However, rattlesnakes rarely bite unless provoked or threatened. The Eastern Diamondback in considered the most venomous species in North America. Surprisingly, juveniles are considered more dangerous than adults, due to their inability to control the amount of venom injected.
4. Death Adder Snake
This snake is found in the regions of Australia and New Guinea. They actually hunt and kill other snakes. Death Adders look quite similar to vipers, because they have triangular shaped heads and short, squat bodies.
In one bite they can inject around 40-100mg of venom. The toxins in their venom is a neurotoxin which can disrupt your nervous system ultimately causing a fatal death.
Bite of this snake causes paralysis and can cause death within 6 hours, due to respiratory failure. With the quickest strike in the world, a Death Adder can go from strike position to striking and back again within 0.13 of a second.
5. Philippine Cobra
Cobra is considered as less aggressive snake because of it’s less encounter with humans, however the Philippine Cobra is the exception. Venom of this snake is the most deadly of all the Cobra species, and they are capable of spitting it up to 3 metres.
The venom is a neurotoxin which directly affects cardiac and respiratory function, and can cause neurotoxicity, respiratory paralysis and death in thirty minutes. The bite causes only minimal tissue damage. The neurotoxins interrupt the transmission of nerve signals causing paralysis.
The symptoms might include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, collapse and convulsions.